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Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

Is made up of the characteristics you would list in order to describe them. The caregiving hypothesis (Ainsworth, 1979) Secure attachments arise from close, expressive, stable, sensitive parenting Insecure attachments are caused by inconsistent, impatient or over-zealous parenting Disorganised attachment may be a response to previous episodes of neglect or (Main andamp; Solomon, 1990) Differences In Attachment 2 The temperament hypothesis (Kagan, 1984) Quality of attachment depends primarily on the temperament of the child: Easy temperament =andgt; Secure attachment Difficult temperament =andgt; Resistant attachment Slow temperament =andgt; Avoidant attachment Conclusion: attachment depends on the interaction of caregiving and temperament, but caregiving is the primary determinant Peer Relations And Play Up to 6 months: solo play 6-12 months: parallel play social facilitation (the 'ZPD') 12-18 months: simple pretend play 18-36 months: complimentary andamp; reciprocal play 36 months: complex social play The 'Zone Of Proximal Development' A key concept discovered by Lev Vygotsky If an average golf player wanted to improve as rapidly as possible, who should they play with? Jerome Kagan (born February 25, 1929) is an American psychologist, and Daniel and Amy Starch Research Professor of Psychology, Emeritus at Harvard University, and co-faculty at the New England Complex Systems Institute.

Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

Learning Objectives To apply the cognitive developmental perspective (covered last week) to a variety of aspects of development To examine in more detail some aspects of development particularly relevant to sports Definitions ATTACHMENT: 'A close emotional relationship between two persons, characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity' (Shaffer) ATTACHMENT THEORY: 'Many forms of psychiatric disturbance can be attributed to deviations in the development of attachment' (Bowlby) Development Of Attachments (Schaffer andamp; Emerson, 1964) Asocial Stage (0-6 weeks) Respond equally to social and non-social stimuli Indiscriminate Attachments (up to 6/7 months) Prefer social stimuli, but don’t mind who it is Specific Attachments (7-9 months) Attach to one fure, usually mother Multiple Attachments (a few weeks later) Develop attachments with other carers Quality Of Attachments Secure attachment About 65% of US children Happy to explore when carer present Happy with strangers when carer present Anxious when separated Warm greeting on reunion Child welcomes physical contact with carer Quality Of Attachments 2 Resistant attachment One type of insecure attachment Approx 10% of US children Stay near carer and explore very little Wary of strangers, even when carer present Very distressed by separation But seem resentful and resist contact upon reunion Quality Of Attachment 4 Disorganised or Disoriented attachment The most insecure attachment pattern Approx 5-10% of US children A mixture of resistant and avoidant responses May alternate between clinging to and avoiding carer Confused, dazed or sometimes frozen appearance upon reunion What Causes Differences In Quality Of Attachment? The d child does indeed often become the child r, and evidence suggests that many other behavioral and emotional tendencies are passed down through the generations.

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  • The personality of an individual is likely to stay relatively constant, although it can change slowly over the years.


    Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

    Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

    Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

    Active play can be looked upon as a sn of mental health; and its absence either of some inborn defect or of mental illness.' Some aspects of play DO correlate with other important characteristics: Creativity (Hutt andamp; Bhavnani 1972), Intellence (Johnson 1982), Social competence (Connolly andamp; Doyle 1984) The 'Idealization' Of Play Sutton-Smith andamp; Kelly-Byrne (1984) Sutton-Smith and Kelly-Byrne argue that children’s play is often Unpleasant Forced Rid Dysfunctional Savage How does ADULT play fit into this argument? The theory suggests that evolution has produced a behaviour that is essential to the survival to allow the passing on of genes.

    Temperament hypothesis kagan 1984

    The struggle to understand the infant-mother bond ranks as one of the great quests of modern psychology one that touches us deeply, because it holds so many clues to how we became who we are. ESSAY FULL TEXT We would know what they are like by observing their behaviour and listening to what they have to say.


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